:::

能源期刊

臺灣能源期刊第6卷第3期內容

出刊日期:September, 2019

題目
我國發展地熱發電之探勘階段法規調適研究
Title
A Study on Regulation Adaptation for the Exploration Stage of Taiwan Geothermal Power Development
作者
林瑞珠、管中徽、沈政雄、朱丹丹
Authors
Jui-Chu Lin, Chung-Huei Kuan, Chen-Hsiung Shen, Dan-Dan Zhu
摘要
為達成國際減碳承諾、因應氣候變遷問題,政府積極推動節能減碳政策,促進再生能源發展。我國政府計劃2025年達成再生能源發電量佔比20%之能源轉型目標,相關推動政策大多針對太陽光電和離岸風電,對地熱發電關注與投入則顯不足。臺灣位處西太平洋火山地震帶上,地熱資源豐富。與化石燃料發電相比,地熱發電排放氣體之含硫化合物與二氧化碳很低,成功開發後發電成本亦低於燃煤電廠。我國地熱發電開發現狀,多以政府專案推動形式進行且均處於初期探勘階段。就探勘階段而言,高昂的前期投資成本和探勘結果不確定性是影響投資者投資意願之主要因素,而適當的探勘權保護能夠增加開發地熱之誘因。此外,取得土地是地熱探勘之前提要件,而我國土地相關法制則造成諸多法規障礙。故本文首先將研究地熱之法律意涵與特殊性,探討地熱探勘權保護之必要性,並針對地熱開發相關土地使用法制提出建議。
關鍵字
地熱發電,探勘權,土地使用
Abatract
In order to meet carbon reduction commitments and react to climate-change issues, our government actively drives policies to enhance energy efficiency and reduce carbon emissions. The government has planned that, by 2025, renewable energy should cover over 20 percent of the total power generation. To achieve this goal, governmental projects and investments are mainly focused on harnessing solar and offshore wind power, and little is directed to geothermal power. Taiwan, located on the volcanic seismic belt, has a rich geothermal potential. Compared to the conventional power plants by fossil fuels, geothermal power plants emit much less carbon dioxide at reduced costs. The exploration of geothermal power, however, involves huge investment and high uncertainty, and most investors as such hesitate about committing their resources. A key incentive for them is the appropriate protection of exploration rights. On the other hand, existing land-related regulations set various bars in land acquisition for geothermal exploration. This study, therefore, discusses the various issues and provides suggestions to the positioning of geothermal energy and the protection of its exploration in relevant regulations. This study also covers regulation issues about the land use of geothermal exploration.
Keywords
Geothermal power, Exploration rights, Land use permitting