:::
臺灣能源期刊


臺灣能源期刊發行
創刊日期: 102年11月30日
所: 經濟部能源局
人: 游振偉
地  址: 台北市復興北路2號13樓
電  話: 02-2772-1370
執行單位: 財團法人工業技術研究院
地  址: 新竹縣竹東鎮中興路四段195號26館
服務專線: 03-5916006
服務信箱: JOET@itri.org.tw
輯: 胡耀祖
胡均立
顧  問: 王運銘
童遷祥
楊日昌
執行主編: 楊秉純
陳志臣
編輯委員: 方良吉
王錫福
李堅明
林師模
馬鴻文
莊銘池
陳介力
陳希立
楊浩彥
廖肇寧
談駿嵩
劉文獻
蕭志同
(依筆畫順序排列)

 
 
:::
臺灣能源期刊   首頁臺灣能源期刊臺灣能源期刊論文全文


臺灣能源期刊第2卷第4期內容 出刊日期:December, 2015
 
題目 設定日本2050低碳領航器的軌跡:核能的複雜性與獨特性
Title Setting the Trajectories of the Japan 2050 Low Carbon Navigator: Complexities and Uniqueness of the Nuclear Energy Sector
作者 Mustafa Moinuddin, Takeshi Kuramochi
Authors Mustafa Moinuddin, Takeshi Kuramochi
摘要 日本於2011年發生地震與後續福島第一核電廠發生的核災,迫使日本政府重新思考過去採用以核能為主要能源供給的能源政策。同時,日本承諾到2050年將溫室氣體量較1990年降低80%的目標正面臨挑戰,原因在於為了降低對核能發電的依賴,已促使日本在短期間增加了化石燃料發電。在此情況下,日本目前需要面臨的選擇包括:是否要將重點放在削減能源需求或是在供給面倚重較多的低碳能源、應採用何種方式發電、以及應採用何種技術來發電。日本在這些問題上的考量對其國家的社會、經濟及環境的永續極其重要,因此若能有一項簡化的工具能提供易於瞭解的圖示,以協助了解日本在能源與碳排放方面有那些可行的選項將很有助益,而日本的2050低碳領航器即是如此。它是一項量化工具,在政策制定過程中,透過更廣泛的群眾參與能源和碳排放的討論,以協助決策支援。此工具易於使用,使用者可自行發展路徑的組合以達到減量目的及確保能源安全,並可從實際的科學數據中了解其結果帶來的衝擊。日本的核能未來充滿著不確定性,在利用低碳領航器模型發展低碳軌跡時,許多複雜的、前所未有的問題及假設均須納入考量,而這些針對核能的假設及軌跡與其他能源供給部門的差異極大。本文的目的在詳細解說如何發展核能部門的假設與軌跡,並將其整合入整個低碳領航器的模型中。本文分成數個章節,第二章提供日本核能部門的發展回顧,並簡述日本核能的發展歷史。此章同時包含目前日本面臨的挑戰,及福島核災後政府的政策發展。第三章著重在日本2050低碳領航器中核能的假設與軌跡設定。其中討論了做假設時須考量的問題、相關的資料來源、及解釋在低碳領航器模型中的計算過程。此章同時提供幾個經由低碳領航器模擬產生的示範路徑,這些範例展示了日本未來的能源與排放路徑中對核能的衝擊。第四章除作總結外,並對低碳領航器的功能及限制作些許的說明。
關鍵字 日本2050低碳領航器、核能、能源與排放
Abatract The 2011 earthquake and subsequent accident at the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant compelled the policymakers in Japan to rethink the country’s previously-adopted energy policy which was based on nuclear power as the mainstay of Japan’s energy supply. At the same time, Japan’s commitment to reduce its greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 80 per cent below the 1990s levels by 2050 is faced with challenges, since a decreased dependence on nuclear power has already increased Japan’s use of fossil fuels for power generation at least in the short term. Against this backdrop, the choices Japan faces now include, among others, whether to focus more on cutting its energy demand or relying more on decarbonising on the supply side, how to generate electricity, and what types of technologies to use. How Japan addresses these concerns are critical for the country’s social, economic and environmental dimensions of sustainability. There is a growing interest in simplified tools that can provide an easy-to-understand chart to help understand the energy and emission options that are available for Japan. The Japan 2050 Low Carbon Navigator (Low Carbon Navigator) is such a quantitative tool which can support the policymaking process by engaging a wider audience in the energy and emissions debate. It is a user-friendly tool which lets the users to develop their own pathways combinations to achieve emissions reduction and ensure energy security, and see the impact using real scientific data. With uncertainties surrounding the future of Japan’s nuclear sector, a number of complex, unprecedented issues needed to be taken into account for developing the trajectories and making the assumptions within the Low Carbon Navigator model. These assumptions and trajectories under the nuclear sector are very different from the ones in the other energy supply sector. The purpose of this paper is to explain in details how the assumptions and trajectories under the nuclear sector have been developed and incorporated within the whole Low Carbon Navigator model. The paper is divided into several sections. Section 2 provides a review of the evolution of nuclear energy sector in Japan. Along with a brief history of the development of the Japanese nuclear sector, this section also covers the current challenges facing the country, and governmental policy changes that came forth as a consequence of the Fukushima accident. Section 3 focuses on the assumptions and trajectory setting of the nuclear sector in the Japan 2050 Low Carbon Navigator. It discusses the issues that have been taken into consideration in making the assumptions, relevant data sources, and explains the calculation procedures for this sector in the Low Carbon Navigator model. This section also provides several demonstration pathways generated by simulations under the Low Carbon Navigator. These examples demonstrate the impact of the nuclear sector in Japan’s future energy and emissions pathways. Section 4 concludes the paper with some explanation on what the Low Carbon Navigator can do, and what its limitations are.
Keywords Japan 2050 Low Carbon Navigator, nuclear energy, energy and emissions
 
 
回上一頁
通過A無障礙網頁檢測
深入分析  |  即時資訊  |  專業知識  |  臺灣能源期刊  |  能源補給站  |  電子報
Copyright © since 2011 經濟部能源局  |  經濟部能源局指導  |  工業技術研究院 製作
地址 105台北市松山區南京東路3段248號2樓之1 電話 886-2-87723137#581 傳真 886-2-87721425
本網頁設計建議瀏覽解析度 1024 x 768,並符合 IE 與 Firefox 瀏覽  |   隱私權政策  |   網站安全政策  |   法律聲明  |   智財聲明